Widows in the Bible: What Does The Bible Say?

Discover the untold stories of widows in the Bible! Explore the profound wisdom and compassion the scriptures hold for these remarkable women.

Last Updated:
February 7, 2024
8 Minutes

Widows in Biblical Times

In Biblical times, widows held a unique and often challenging societal position. Without the support of a husband, widows faced significant economic and social hardships. Their status as vulnerable members of society was recognized by many biblical authors, and specific laws and commandments were put in place to protect them. Widows in Biblical times were often seen as the most needy and in need of assistance, as they did not have the protection and provision of a male figure. Despite their vulnerabilities, widows also played a significant role in biblical narratives, serving as models of faithfulness and perseverance. The treatment of widows in the Bible can provide important insights into the values of compassion, justice, and care for the marginalized in society.

The social and cultural context of widows in ancient times

In ancient times, widows faced a complex social and cultural context that varied across different societies. In some ancient civilizations, widows had limited legal rights and often depended on male relatives for financial support. Property ownership was generally passed on to male heirs, leaving widows with little inheritance. Their social status also decreased after the death of their husbands, and they were often expected to live a life of mourning and seclusion.

Husbands, fathers, and male relatives played a crucial role in the lives of poor widows, as they were responsible for providing for their financial needs and protecting their social status. However, some widows could achieve a degree of financial and social autonomy, especially if they had their property or were able to assert their rights without male heirs.

Insight into the lives of widows in ancient times can be gleaned from various sources, including inscriptions, letters, and literary records that shed light on their legal rights, property ownership, and social status. These sources provide valuable evidence for understanding the diverse experiences of widows in different ancient societies.

Treatment of widows in biblical society

In biblical society, widows were often treated as vulnerable members of society, as they lacked financial security and social support. The Book of Deuteronomy prescribed that a special levy be provided to widows, orphans, and foreigners to ensure their well-being. Additionally, widows were allowed to glean in fields for food, indicating a level of care and consideration for their needs. It was also emphasized that widows should be given true justice and respectful kindness.

Financial vulnerability was a significant issue for widows in ancient times, as they often relied on their husbands for financial support. Childless widows faced an even more uncertain future, as they lacked the support of children to care for them in their old age.

The Bible provides examples of widows facing these challenges. Tamar, for instance, was a widow who struggled with her financial and social circumstances. The widow of Zarephath also faced extreme financial hardship, demonstrating the precarious situation that widows often found themselves in.

Overall, the treatment of widows in biblical society reflects the importance of providing for and caring for those who are vulnerable and marginalized.

God's Care for Widows

Amid loss and grief, widows face countless challenges as they navigate life without their spouse. Yet, throughout the Bible, there are numerous examples of God showing His special care and concern for widows. From providing for their needs to offering comfort and support, God's care for widows is a powerful and consistent theme in Scripture. In this passage, we will explore the assurance of God's loving provision for widows and how we, as His followers, can also extend compassion and care to those who have lost their life partners.

James 1:27 - A call to care for widows and orphans

James 1:27 emphasizes the importance of pure and undefiled religion, which includes caring for widows and orphans in their distress. This passage highlights the crucial role of the church in providing for those in need, particularly the vulnerable class of widows and orphans.

The church can support widows and orphans in various ways, such as providing financial assistance, emotional support, and ensuring they have access to necessities. Special care and attention should be given to this group, as they often lack the support system that others may have. Additionally, the church can create programs and initiatives specifically geared towards providing for the needs of widows and orphans, ensuring they are not neglected or forgotten.

Caring for widows and orphans reflects God’s compassionate and loving nature, and it is a tangible way for the church to manifest the pure and undefiled religion James speaks of. By actively providing for this vulnerable class, the church demonstrates the practical outworking of faith and obediently fulfills the call to care for those in distress.

God as the defender of widows

Throughout the Bible, God is portrayed as the defender of widows, showing His care and protection for those who have lost their husbands. In the Old Testament, specific laws and social obligations were put in place to ensure the well-being of widows, such as allowing them to glean from the fields during harvest (Deuteronomy 24:19-21) and prohibiting the mistreatment or exploitation of widows (Exodus 22:22). Additionally, the incarnate Son of God, Jesus, demonstrated God's concern for widows through His actions, advocating for and helping them, such as when He raised the widow's son in Nain (Luke 7:11-17).

Biblical principles and cultural practices also demonstrate God's concern for widows, with expectations for individuals and communities to support and provide for them. In James 1:27, caring for widows is deemed pure and undefiled religion, and in 1 Timothy 5:3-16, the responsibilities of family members and the church towards widows are outlined. God's heart for widows is evident in His commandments and instructions and in the compassion and empathy shown by His Son, Jesus Christ.

Biblical Responsibilities Towards Widows

In both the Old and New Testaments, the Bible emphasizes the responsibility of caring for widows. The Old Testament contains several references urging Israelites to provide for the needs of widows, protect their rights, and offer them comfort and assistance. For example, Exodus 22:22-24 highlights the importance of not mistreating widows and orphans, stating that God will hear their cry and bring judgment. In Deuteronomy 10:18, God is described as the one who defends the cause of widows, emphasizing the need for justice and compassion towards them.

In the New Testament, the apostle James writes about the significance of caring for widows, stating that true religion includes visiting and helping them in their distress (James 1:27). The apostle Paul also instructs Timothy to honor widows and make sure they are provided for if they are truly in need (1 Timothy 5:3-4).

The importance of defending the cause of widows and ensuring they receive justice is a fundamental principle in the Bible. It reflects God's character and should be a priority for all believers to fulfill their biblical responsibilities towards widows.

The Role of the Church in Caring for Widows

The church’s role in caring for widows is deeply rooted in biblical principles. The Bible commands us to honor our parents, and Jesus himself set an example by caring for his mother even as he hung on the cross. Paul also encouraged believers to provide for aging family members, emphasizing the importance of familial care and support.

The church plays a crucial role in evaluating the needs of widows and encouraging its members to practice their faith by providing for their families and needy family members. The church needs to promote planning and forethought in providing for aging parents, urging its members to honor their fathers and mothers as part of their Christian responsibility.

Following these biblical principles and examples, the church can actively care for widows and ensure they are not left without support. It is a fundamental part of the church's responsibility to extend love, compassion, and practical assistance to those who are in need, especially to those who have lost their spouses.

The church as a holy habitation for widows

In the early Christian church, widows held a special status as a holy habitation within the church community. They were respected for their devotion to prayer and acts of charity, and were often recognized for their commitment to the church. Widows could support the church by offering their time, talents, and resources to various tasks and ministries. They were often entrusted with leadership functions, such as overseeing the care of other widows and distributing resources within the church.

Widows could also teach, baptize, and pastoral tasks, demonstrating their significant role within the church. During the celebration of Holy Communion, widows held a place of honor in the chancel, emphasizing their special status and importance within the community. With their dedication to prayer and service, widows played a critical role in the early church as respected members and leaders in the community.


Mark 12:42-44 - A poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which amount to a cent.

Exodus 22:22 – You shall not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

I Timothy 5:11-15 - But refuse to put younger widows on the list, for when they feel sensual desires in disregard of Christ, they want to get married, thus incurring condemnation, because they have set aside their previous pledge.

Psalms 68:5 5 A father to the fatherless, a defender of widows, is God in his holy dwelling.

What does the Bible say about care of widows?

The Bible instructs believers to care for widows with compassion, support, and justice. Throughout the Old and New Testaments, there is a consistent emphasis on God's concern for widows and the responsibility of His people to provide for their needs and protect their rights. In passages such as Exodus 22:22-24, Deuteronomy 10:18, and Isaiah 1:17, the Bible commands followers to love and care for widows. In the New Testament, the apostle James writes about true religion being to care for orphans and widows in their distress (James 1:27).

The significance of this concern for widows is rooted in the character of God, who is described as a defender of the widows (Psalm 68:5) and a provider for those who are vulnerable (Psalm 146:9). Throughout the early Christian church, the importance of caring for widows is evident in passages like Acts 6:1-7 and 1 Timothy 5:3-16, where the church actively prioritized their support and established systems to ensure their needs were met. This reflects the biblical mandate for believers to demonstrate God's love and compassion by caring for those who are widowed and vulnerable.

How were widows treated in biblical times?

In biblical times, widows were often marginalized and vulnerable members of society. However, the Old and New Testaments include commands and instructions for caring for widows. Exodus 22:22-24, Deuteronomy 10:18, Isaiah 1:17, James 1:27, Acts 6:1-6, and 1 Timothy 5:3-16 emphasize the importance and significance of providing compassion, support, and justice to widows.

Cultural norms and laws governed the treatment of widows, but biblical principles underscore the responsibility of providing for their needs, protecting their rights, and offering comfort and assistance. Widows were to be cared for and included in the community, and neglecting them was considered unjust. The biblical commands and principles remind believers to show compassion and provide for widows’ needs, acknowledging their vulnerability and the importance of ensuring their well-being. The biblical treatment of widows emphasizes the significance of compassion and support, cultural norms, laws, and biblical principles in caring for those who have lost their spouses.

What does the Bible say about how widows are to be treated?

The Bible provides clear instructions on how widows should be treated in the Old and New Testaments. In the Old Testament, passages such as Exodus 22:22-24 and Deuteronomy 10:18 emphasize the importance of showing honor, kindness, and support to widows and including them in the community. They are to be treated with compassion and provided with justice. In the New Testament, 1 Timothy 5:3-4 instructs believers to honor widows who are truly in need and not to let the church be burdened, so that it can help those who are really in need. Additionally, James 1:27 reminds believers that true religion includes caring for widows in their distress.

These biblical instructions highlight the importance of showing widows respect, kindness, and support, ensuring they are included in the community and provided with the care and compassion they need. The Old and New Testaments command God's people to care for widows and ensure they receive the honor, kindness, and support they deserve.

Frequently asked questions

Are there any specific laws in the Old Testament regarding widows?

  • The Old Testament emphasizes compassion and protection for widows, highlighting their vulnerability and the need to care for them.
  • God commands us not to oppress widows or plan evil against them (Zechariah 7:10).
  • He also provides for widows by leaving harvests in the fields for them (Deuteronomy 24:19).
  • These laws reflect God's heart for widows and remind us of our responsibility to support and honor them.
  • The Old Testament provides laws to ensure widows are cared for and protected.

How does the New Testament address the issue of widows?

The New Testament emphasizes the importance of supporting widows with love, compassion, and practical assistance:

  • Recognize their needs and provide financial support
  • Create a community of love and support
  • Connect them with resources
  • Offer practical assistance
  • Ensure they are not neglected or abandoned

What are some notable widows mentioned in the Bible?

  • Ruth: Loyal and Dedicated
  • Abigail: Wise and Courageous
  • Tamar: Persistent and Resilient
  • Bible emphasizes compassion and support for widows
  • God's love and care for widows encourages us to follow His example

What are the responsibilities of family members towards widows according to the Bible?

According to biblical teachings, family members have a responsibility to provide support and care for widows:

  • Show compassion, empathy, and honor widows
  • Do not abandon widows in distress
  • Offer financial and material assistance
  • Fulfill a sacred duty to look after widows
  • Demonstrate love for God and commitment to living out His Word

How does the Bible emphasize the importance of showing compassion and support to widows?

  • The Bible mentions widows 103 times, demonstrating the importance God places on caring for these women who have lost their husbands.
  • God calls us to show compassion and honor to widows, look after them in their distress, and never abandon them.
  • The Bible encourages us to provide emotional support and extend a helping hand to widows in need.
  • The example of the courageous widows in the Bible should inspire our community.
  • Caring for widows is essential to living out a biblical lifestyle.

Leave a comment
Christian Pure Team
Written By:
Christian Pure Team
Find Out More

Back to top

Related Articles

Instagram @type_writer

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.